We need a recovery of the doctrine of the Priestly ministry of the Spirit. Christ as the One Mediator alone represents God to man and man to God. The Spirit as the Spirit of Christ is SPEAKING SPIRIT and INTERCEDING SPIRIT (Romans ch. 8). As speaking Spirit He mediates God’s Word to men and summons us to faith and obedience. As interceding Spirit, He lifts us up into heavenly places in Christ. He puts the prayer of Jesus into our lips—”Abba, Father.” He intercedes for us, helping our infirmities. God draws near to us in Christ through the Spirit, and we are drawn near to God through the blood of Christ by the Spirit. Perhaps in Presbyterianism we have emphasised speaking Spirit at the expense of the interceding Spirit. At the heart of all worship lies the doctrine of the Third Person of the Trinity—that our Ascended Lord, by His Spirit poured out upon His Church at Pentecost, lifts us up into His life of praise and communion with the Father—so that we know we are “lifted out of ourselves” into an objective world of worship and praise and prayer in communion with all saints.
—James B. Torrance, “Covenant or Contract? A Study in the Theological Background of
Worship in Seventeenth-Century Scotland,” Scottish Journal of Theology 23 (1970):75-76